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93521
Cannabinoid Receptor 1 Downstream Signaling Antibody Sampler Kit
Primary Antibodies
Antibody Sampler Kit

Cannabinoid Receptor 1 Downstream Signaling Antibody Sampler Kit #93521

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Confocal immunofluorescent analysis of mouse hippocampus: dentate gyrus (left), CA1 region (middle), and cerebellum (right), using CB1 Receptor (D5N5C) Rabbit mAb (green). Blue pseudocolor = DRAQ5® #4084 (fluorescent DNA dye).

Chromatin immunoprecipitations were performed with cross-linked chromatin from 293 cells treated with Forskolin #3828 (30 μM) for 1h and either Phospho-CREB (Ser133) (87G3) Rabbit mAb or CREB (48H2) Rabbit mAb (#9197), using SimpleChIP® Enzymatic Chromatin IP Kit (Magnetic Beads) #9005. DNA Libraries were prepared using SimpleChIP® ChIP-seq DNA Library Prep Kit for Illumina® #56795. The figure shows binding across NR4A3, a known target gene of both Phospho-CREB and CREB (see additional figure containing ChIP-qPCR data).

CUT&RUN was performed with 293 cells treated with Forskolin #3828 (30 μM) for 1h and Phospho-CREB (Ser133) (87G3) Rabbit mAb, using CUT&RUN Assay Kit #86652. DNA Libraries were prepared using SimpleChIP® ChIP-seq DNA Library Prep Kit for Illumina® #56795. The figure shows binding across NR4A3 gene.

Chromatin immunoprecipitations were performed with cross-linked chromatin from 293 cells treated with Forskolin #3828 (30 μM) for 1h and 10 μl of CREB (48H2) Rabbit mAb, using SimpleChIP® Enzymatic Chromatin IP Kit (Magnetic Beads) #9003. DNA Libraries were prepared using SimpleChIP® ChIP-seq DNA Library Prep Kit for Illumina® #56795. The figure shows binding across NR4A3, a known target gene of CREB (see additional figure containing ChIP-qPCR data).

Flow cytometric analysis of Jurkat cells, untreated (green) or treated with LY294002 #9901, Wortmannin #9951, and U0126 #9903 (50 μM, 1 μM, and 10 μM, 2 hr; blue) using Phospho-Akt (Ser473) (D9E) XP® Rabbit mAb (solid lines) or concentration-matched Rabbit (DA1E) mAb IgG XP® Isotype Control #3900 (dashed lines). Anti-rabbit IgG (H+L), F(ab')2 Fragment (Alexa Fluor® 488 Conjugate) #4412 was used as a secondary antibody.

Flow cytometric analysis of Jurkat cells using Akt (pan) (C67E7) Rabbit mAb (blue) compared to a nonspecific negative control antibody (red).

Confocal immunofluorescent analysis of HeLa cells, rapamycin-treated (#9904, 10 nM for 2 hours, left), insulin-treated (150 nM for 6 minutes, middle) or insulin- and λ-phosphatase-treated (right), using Phospho-mTOR (Ser2448) (D9C2) XP® Rabbit mAb (green). Actin filaments were labeled with DY-554 phalloidin. Blue pseudocolor = DRAQ5® #4084 (fluorescent DNA dye).

Flow cytometric analysis of 293 cells using mTOR (7C10) Rabbit mAb (blue) compared to a nonspecific negative control antibody (red).

Flow cytometric analysis of Jurkat cells, treated with U0126 (10 µM, 2 hrs; green) or treated with TPA #4174 (200 nM, 30 min; blue) using Phospho-p44/42 MAPK (Erk1/2) (Thr202/Tyr204) (D13.14.4E) XP® Rabbit mAb (solid lines) or concentration-matched Rabbit (DA1E) mAb IgG XP® Isotype Control #3900 (dashed lines). Anti-rabbit IgG (H+L), F(ab')2 Fragment (Alexa Fluor® 488 Conjugate) #4412 was used as a secondary antibody.

Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded 293T cells untreated (left) or UV-treated (right) using Phospho-SAPK/JNK (Thr183/Tyr185) (81E11) Rabbit mAb.

After the primary antibody is bound to the target protein, a complex with HRP-linked secondary antibody is formed. The LumiGLO® is added and emits light during enzyme catalyzed decomposition.

Immunoprecipitation of CB1 Receptor from mouse brain extracts. Lane 1 is 10 % input, lane 2 is Rabbit (DA1E) mAb IgG XP® Isotype Control #3900, and lane 3 is CB1 Receptor (D5N5C) Rabbit mAb. Western blot analysis was performed using CB1 Receptor (D5N5C) Rabbit mAb.

Chromatin immunoprecipitations were performed with cross-linked chromatin from 293 cells treated with Forskolin #3828 (30 μM) for 1h and either Phospho-CREB (Ser133) (87G3) Rabbit mAb or CREB (48H2) Rabbit mAb (#9197), using SimpleChIP® Enzymatic Chromatin IP Kit (Magnetic Beads) #9005. DNA Libraries were prepared using SimpleChIP® ChIP-seq DNA Library Prep Kit for Illumina® #56795. The figure shows binding across chromosome 9 (upper), including NR4A3 (lower), a known target gene of both Phospho-CREB and CREB (see additional figure containing ChIP-qPCR data).

CUT&RUN was performed with 293 cells treated with Forskolin #3828 (30 μM) for 1h and Phospho-CREB (Ser133) (87G3) Rabbit mAb, using CUT&RUN Assay Kit #86652. DNA Libraries were prepared using SimpleChIP® ChIP-seq DNA Library Prep Kit for Illumina® #56795. The figures show binding across chromosome 9 (upper), including NR4A3 (lower) gene.

Chromatin immunoprecipitations were performed with cross-linked chromatin from 293 cells treated with Forskolin #3828 (30 μM) for 1h and CREB (48H2) Rabbit mAb, using SimpleChIP® Enzymatic Chromatin IP Kit (Magnetic Beads) #9003. DNA Libraries were prepared using SimpleChIP® ChIP-seq DNA Library Prep Kit for Illumina® #56795. The figure shows binding across chromosome 9 (upper), including NR4A3 (lower), a known target gene of CREB (see additional figure containing ChIP-qPCR data).

Confocal immunofluorescent analysis of C2C12 cells, LY294002-treated (left) or insulin-treated (right), using Phospho-Akt (Ser473) (D9E) XP® Rabbit mAb (green). Actin filaments have been labeled with Alexa Fluor® 555 phalloidin #8953 (red). Blue pseudocolor = DRAQ5®#4084 (fluorescent DNA dye).

Confocal immunofluorescent analysis of C2C12 cells, LY294002-treated (left) or insulin-treated (right), using Akt (pan) (C67E7) Rabbit mAb (green). Actin filaments have been labeled with Alexa Fluor® 555 phalloidin (red). Blue pseudocolor = DRAQ5™ (fluorescent DNA dye).

Western blot analysis of extracts from serum-starved NIH/3T3 cells, untreated or insulin-treated (150 nM, 5 minutes), alone or in combination with λ-phosphatase, using Phospho-mTOR (Ser2448) (D9C2) XP® Rabbit mAb (upper) or mTOR (7C10) Rabbit mAb #2983.

Confocal immunofluorescent analysis of mouse embryonic fibroblast (MEF) cells using mTOR (7C10) Rabbit mAb (green). Actin filaments were labeled with DY-554 phalloidin (red). Blue pseudocolor = DRAQ5® #4084 (fluorescent DNA dye).

Confocal immunofluorescent analysis of Drosophila egg chambers, untreated (top) or λ phosphatase-treated (bottom), using Phospho-p44/42 MAPK (Erk1/2) (Thr202/Tyr204) (D13.14.4E) XP® Rabbit mAb #4370 (green) and S6 Ribosomal Protein (54D2) Mouse mAb #2317 (red). Blue pseudocolor = DRAQ5® #4084 (fluorescent DNA dye).

Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human lung carcinoma using Phospho-SAPK/JNK (Thr183/Tyr185) (81E11) Rabbit mAb in the presence of control peptide (left) or Phospho-SAPK/JNK (Thr183/Tyr185) Blocking Peptide #1215 (right).

Western blot analysis of extracts from various tissues using CB1 Receptor (D5N5C) Rabbit mAb (upper) and β-Actin (D6A8) Rabbit mAb #8457 (lower).

Chromatin immunoprecipitations were performed with cross-linked chromatin from 293 cells treated with Forskolin #3828 (30 μM) for 1h and either Phospho-CREB (Ser133) (87G3) Rabbit mAb or Normal Rabbit IgG #2729 using SimpleChIP® Enzymatic Chromatin IP Kit (Magnetic Beads) #9003. The enriched DNA was quantified by real-time PCR using human ALS2 exon 1 primers, SimpleChIP® Human NR4A3 Promoter Primers #4829, and SimpleChIP® Human α Satellite Repeat Primers #4486. The amount of immunoprecipitated DNA in each sample is represented as signal relative to the total amount of input chromatin, which is equivalent to one.

CUT&RUN was performed with 293 cells treated with Forskolin #3828 (30 μM) for 1h and either Phospho-CREB (Ser133) (87G3) Rabbit mAb or Rabbit (DA1E) mAb IgG XP® Isotype Control (CUT&RUN) #66362, using CUT&RUN Assay Kit #86652. The enriched DNA was quantified by real-time PCR using human ALS2 exon 1 primers and SimpleChIP® Human α Satellite Repeat Primers #4486. The amount of immunoprecipitated DNA in each sample is represented as signal relative to the total amount of input chromatin, which is equivalent to one.

Chromatin immunoprecipitations were performed with cross-linked chromatin from 293 cells, treated with Forskolin #3828 (30 μM) for 1h and either 10 μl of CREB (48H2) Rabbit mAb or 2 μl of Normal Rabbit IgG #2729, using SimpleChIP® Enzymatic Chromatin IP Kit (Magnetic Beads) #9003. The enriched DNA was quantified by real-time PCR using human ALS2 exon 1 primers, SimpleChIP® Human NR4A3 Promoter Primers #4829, and SimpleChIP® Human α Satellite Repeat Primers #4486. The amount of immunoprecipitated DNA in each sample is represented as signal relative to the total amount of input chromatin, which is equivalent to one.

Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded MDA-MB-468 xenograft using Phospho-Akt (Ser473) (D9E) XP® Rabbit mAb (left) or PTEN (138G6) Rabbit mAb #9559 (right). Note the presence of P-Akt staining in the PTEN deficient MDA-MB-468 cells.

Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human melanoma using Akt (pan) (C67E7) Rabbit mAb.

Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human breast carcinoma, showing cytoplasmic localization using mTOR (7C10) Rabbit mAb.

Confocal immunofluorescent analysis of HT1080 cells, starved overnight then treated with U0126 #9903 (10 uM, 2 h; left) or PDBu (Phorbol 12,13-Dibutyrate) #12808 (100 nM, 15 m; right) using Phospho-p44/42 MAPK (Erk1/2) (Thr202/Tyr204) (D13.14.4E) XP® Rabbit mAb #4370 (green) and β-Actin (8H10D10) Mouse mAb #3700 (red). Blue pseudocolor = DRAQ5® #4084 (fluorescent DNA dye).

Western blot analysis of extracts from 293 cells, untreated or UV-treated, NIH/3T3 cells, untreated or UV-treated and C6 cells, untreated or anisomycin-treated, using Phospho-SAPK/JNK (Thr183/Tyr185) (81E11) Rabbit mAb.

Flow cytometric analysis of SK-N-MC cells using CREB (48H2) Rabbit mAb (blue) compared to a nonspecific negative control antibody (red).

Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human breast carcinoma comparing SignalStain® Antibody Diluent #8112 (left) to TBST/5% normal goat serum (right) using Phospho-Akt (Ser473) (D9E) XP® Rabbit mAb #4060.

Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human breast carcinoma using Akt (pan) (C67E7) Rabbit mAb in the presence of control peptide (left) or Akt (pan) Blocking Peptide #1085 (right).

Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human lung carcinoma, using mTOR (7C10) Rabbit mAb in the presence of control peptide (left) or mTOR Blocking Peptide #1072 (right).

Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human breast carcinoma using Phospho-p44/42 MAPK (Erk1/2) (Thr202/Tyr204) (D13.14.4E) XP® Rabbit mAb.

Confocal immunofluorescent analysis of mouse cerebellum labeled with CREB (48H2) Rabbit mAb (red) and Neurofilament-L (DA2) Mouse mAb #2835 (green). Blue pseudocolor =DRAQ5® #4084 (fluorescent DNA dye).

Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human breast carcinoma using Phospho-Akt (Ser473) (D9E) XP® Rabbit mAb.

Immunohistochemical analysis using Akt (pan) (C67E7) Rabbit mAb on SignalSlide (TM) Phospho-Akt (Ser473) IHC Controls #8101 (paraffin-embedded LNCaP cells, untreated (left) or LY294002-treated (right)).

Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded mouse brain using mTOR (7C10) Rabbit mAb.

Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human lung carcinoma, untreated (left) or λ phosphatase-treated (right), using Phospho-p44/42 MAPK (Erk1/2) (Thr202/Tyr204) (D13.14.4E) XP® Rabbit mAb.

Confocal immunofluorescent analysis of SK-N-MC cells showing nuclear stain with CREB (48H2) Rabbit mAb (A, red) compared to an isotype control (B). Blue pseudocolor =DRAQ5® (fluorescent DNA dye).

Immunohistochemical analysis using Phospho-Akt (Ser473) (D9E) XP® Rabbit mAb on SignalSlide® Phospho-Akt (Ser473) IHC Controls #8101 (paraffin-embedded LNCaP cells, untreated (left) or LY294002-treated (right)).

Western blot analysis of recombinant Akt1, Akt2 and Akt3 proteins, and extracts from various cell lines, using Akt (pan) (C67E7) Rabbit mAb.

Western blot analysis of extracts from 293, A431, COS, C6, and C2C12 cells, using mTOR (7C10) Rabbit mAb.

Immunohistochemical analysis using Phospho-p44/42 MAPK (Erk1/2) (Thr202/Tyr204) (D13.14.4E) XP® Rabbit mAb on SignalSlide™ Phospho-p44/42 MAPK (Thr202/Tyr204) IHC Controls #8103 (paraffin-embedded NIH/3T3 cells, treated with U0126 #9903 (left) or TPA #4174 (right).

Flow cytometric analysis of SK-N-MC cells, untreated (blue) or IBMX- and forskolin-treated (green), using Phospho-CREB (Ser133) (87G3) Rabbit mAb compared to a nonspecific negative control antibody (red).

Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human lung carcinoma using Phospho-Akt (Ser473) (D9E) XP® Rabbit mAb.

Western blot analysis of extracts from HeLa cells, transfected with 100 nM SignalSilence® Control siRNA (Fluorescein Conjugate) #6201 (-) or SignalSilence® mTOR siRNA II (+), using mTOR (7C10) Rabbit mAb #2983 and α-Tubulin (11H10) Rabbit mAb #2125. mTOR (7C10) Rabbit mAb confirms silencing of mTOR expression, while the α-Tubulin (11H10) Rabbit mAb is used to control for loading and specificity of mTOR siRNA.

Western blot analysis of extracts from COS cells, untreated or treated with either U0126 #9903 (10 µM for 1h) or TPA #4174 (200 nM for 10 m), using Phospho-p44/42 MAPK (Erk1/2) (Thr202/Tyr204) (D13.14.4E) XP® Rabbit mAb #4370 and p44/42 MAPK (Erk1/2) (3A7) Mouse mAb #9107.

Confocal immunofluorescent images of rat dentate gyrus, either sham-operated (left) or 15 min ischemia followed by 30 min (center) and 4 h (right) reperfusion, labeled with Phospho-CREB (Ser133) (87G3) Rabbit mAb (red), Neurofilament-L (DA2) Mouse mAb #2835 (blue) and Phospho-S6 Ribosomal Protein (Ser235/236) (2F9) Rabbit mAb (Alexa Fluor® 488 Conjugate) #4854.

Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human astrocytoma, using CREB (48H2) Rabbit mAb.

Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded PTEN heterozygous mutant mouse endometrium using Phospho-Akt (Ser473) (D9E) XP® Rabbit mAb. (Tissue section courtesy of Dr. Sabina Signoretti, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA.)

Western blot analysis of extracts from 293, NIH/3T3 and C6 cells, treated with λ phosphatase or TPA #4174 as indicated, using Phospho-p44/42 MAPK (Erk1/2) (Thr202/Tyr204) (D13.14.4E) XP® Rabbit mAb (upper), or p44/42 MAPK (Erk1/2) (137F5) Rabbit mAb #4695 (lower).

Confocal microscopic images of SK-N-MC cells showing nuclear stain after 25 minute treatment with Forskolin and IBMX using Phospho-CREB (Ser133) (87G3) Rabbit mAb (left, red) compared to untreated cells (right). Blue pseudocolor = DRAQ5® #4084 (fluorescent DNA dye).

Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human lung carcinoma, using CREB (48H2) Rabbit mAb.

Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded U-87MG xenograft, untreated (left) or lambda phosphatase-treated (right), using Phospho-Akt (Ser473) (D9E) XP® Rabbit mAb.

Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human lung carcinoma, showing nuclear staining, using Phospho-CREB (Ser133) (87G3) Rabbit mAb.

Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, using CREB (48H2) Rabbit mAb.

Western blot analysis of extracts from PC-3 cells, untreated or LY294002/wortmannin-treated, and NIH/3T3 cells, serum-starved or PDGF-treated, using Phospho-Akt (Ser473) (D9E) XP® Rabbit mAb (upper) or Akt (pan) (C67E7) Rabbit mAb #4691 (lower).

Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded mouse lung using Phospho-CREB (Ser133) (87G3) Rabbit mAb.

Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded mouse brain, using CREB (48H2) Rabbit mAb.

Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human breast carcinoma, using Phospho-CREB (Ser133) (87G3) Rabbit mAb in the presence of control peptide (left) or Phospho-CREB (Ser133) Blocking Peptide #1090 (right).

Western Blot analysis of extracts from SK-N-MC, COS, NIH/3T3, C6 and Drosophila S2 cells, using CREB (48H2) Rabbit mAb.

Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded SK-N-MC cells, untreated (left) or IBMX- and forskolin-treated (right), showing induced nuclear staining, using Phospho-CREB (Ser133) (87G3) Rabbit mAb.

Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human renal cell carcinoma, untreated (left) or lambda phosphatase-treated (right), using Phospho-CREB (Ser133) (87G3) Rabbit mAb.

Western blot analysis of extracts from SK-N-MC cells, untreated or forskolin- and FGF-treated, using Phospho-CREB (Ser133) (87G3) Rabbit mAb (upper) or CREB (48H2) Rabbit mAb #9197 (lower).

To Purchase # 93521T
Product # Size Price
93521T
1 Kit  (9 x 20 µl) N/A

Product Includes Quantity Applications Reactivity MW(kDa) Isotype
CB1 Receptor (D5N5C) Rabbit mAb 93815 20 µl
  • WB
  • IP
  • IF
H M R 60 Rabbit IgG
Phospho-CREB (Ser133) (87G3) Rabbit mAb 9198 20 µl
  • WB
  • IHC
  • IF
  • F
  • ChIP
  • C&R
H M R 43 Rabbit IgG
CREB (48H2) Rabbit mAb 9197 20 µl
  • WB
  • IP
  • IHC
  • IF
  • F
  • ChIP
H M R Mk Dm 43 Rabbit IgG
Phospho-Akt (Ser473) (D9E) XP® Rabbit mAb 4060 20 µl
  • WB
  • IP
  • IHC
  • IF
  • F
H M R Hm Mk Dm Z B 60 Rabbit IgG
Akt (pan) (C67E7) Rabbit mAb 4691 20 µl
  • WB
  • IP
  • IHC
  • IF
  • F
H M R Mk Dm 60 Rabbit IgG
Phospho-mTOR (Ser2448) (D9C2) XP® Rabbit mAb 5536 20 µl
  • WB
  • IP
  • IF
H M R Mk 289 Rabbit IgG
mTOR (7C10) Rabbit mAb 2983 20 µl
  • WB
  • IHC
  • IF
  • F
H M R Mk 289 Rabbit IgG
Phospho-p44/42 MAPK (Erk1/2) (Thr202/Tyr204) (D13.14.4E) XP® Rabbit mAb 4370 20 µl
  • WB
  • IP
  • IHC
  • IF
  • F
H M R Hm Mk Mi Dm Z B Dg Pg Sc 44, 42 Rabbit IgG
Phospho-SAPK/JNK (Thr183/Tyr185) (81E11) Rabbit mAb 4668 20 µl
  • WB
  • IP
  • IHC
H M R Dm Sc 46, 54 Rabbit IgG
Anti-rabbit IgG, HRP-linked Antibody 7074 100 µl
  • WB
Goat 

Product Description

The Cannabinoid Receptor 1 Downstream Signaling Antibody Sampler Kit provides an economical means of detecting the activation of downstream cannabinoid receptor signaling pathways using phospho-specific and control antibodies. The kit includes enough antibodies to perform two western blot experiments with each primary antibody.

Specificity / Sensitivity

Each antibody in the Cannabinoid Receptor 1 Downstream Signaling Antibody Sampler Kit detects endogenous levels of its target protein. Phospho-SAPK/JNK (Thr183/Tyr185) (81E11) Rabbit mAb detects endogenous levels of p46 and p54 SAPK/JNK when phosphorylated at Thr183 and Tyr185. It will also react with SAPK/JNK singly phosphorylated at Tyr185. Phospho-SAPK/JNK (Thr183/Tyr185) (81E11) Rabbit mAb may cross-react with phosphorylated p44/42 or p38 MAP kinases. Phospho-CREB (Ser133) (87G3) Rabbit mAb detects endogenous levels of CREB only when phosphorylated at serine 133. Phospho-CREB (Ser133) (87G3) Rabbit mAb also detects the phosphorylated form of the CREB-related protein, ATF-1. Phospho-Akt (Ser473) (D9E) XP® Rabbit mAb detects endogenous levels of Akt only when phosphorylated at Ser473. Phospho-p44/42 MAPK (Erk1/2) (Thr202/Tyr204) (D13.14.4E) XP® Rabbit mAb detects endogenous levels of p44 and p42 MAP Kinase (Erk1 and Erk2) when dually phosphorylated at Thr202 and Tyr204 of Erk1 (Thr185 and Tyr187 of Erk2), and singly phosphorylated at Thr202. Phospho-p44/42 MAPK (Erk1/2) (Thr202/Tyr204) (D13.14.4E) XP® Rabbit mAb does not cross-react with the corresponding phosphorylated residues of either JNK/SAPK or p38 MAP kinases. Phospho-mTOR (Ser2448) (D9C2) XP® Rabbit mAb detects endogenous levels of mTOR protein only when phosphorylated at Ser2448.

Source / Purification

CB1 Receptor (D5N5C) Rabbit mAb is produced by immunizing animals with recombinant protein specific to the extracellular domains of mouse CB1 Receptor protein. CREB (48H2) Rabbit mAb is produced by immunizing animals with recombinant protein specific to the amino terminus of human CREB-1 protein. Akt (pan) (C67E7) Rabbit mAb is produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic peptide corresponding to residues in the carboxy-terminal sequence of mouse Akt. mTOR (7C10) Rabbit mAb is produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic peptide corresponding to residues surrounding Ser2481 of human mTOR. Phosphorylation-specific monoclonal antibodies are produced by immunizing rabbits with synthetic peptides corresponding to Thr183/Tyr185 of human SAPK/JNK, Ser133 of human CREB, Ser473 of human Akt, Thr202/Tyr204 of human p44 MAP kinase, and Ser2448 of human mTOR protein.

Background

Cannabinoid receptors mediate a number of physiological processes in the brain ranging from appetite regulation, pain, learning, and memory (1). The major cannabinoid receptors in the brain include CB1 and CB2 receptors, which are G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs).  CB1 interacts with other GPCRs including metabotropic glutamate receptor 1, mGluR1 (2). Endogenous ligands, endocannabinoids, but also exogenously introduced compounds such as tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), activate cannabinoid receptors by promoting the exchange of GDP for GTP, leading to a cascade of signaling pathways that are activated to drive various functions. Some of these functions include neurite outgrowth, inflammation, and transcriptional control (3). Components of this kit are readouts for several downstream signaling components of CB1 receptor and they can also be used as a readout for CB1 activation and function. Cannabinoid receptor function is not limited to brain function but may modulate peripheral functions, including immune responses (4,5).

  1. Smith, T.H. et al. (2010) Br J Pharmacol 160, 454-66.
  2. Batista, E.M. et al. (2016) Mol Brain 9, 80.
  3. Lu, D. et al. (2019) Acta Pharmacol Sin 40, 324-35.
  4. Ruiz de Azua, I. et al. (2017) J Clin Invest 127, 4148-62.
  5. Mehrpouya-Bahrami, P. et al. (2017) Sci Rep 7, 15645.

Pathways & Proteins

Explore pathways + proteins related to this product.

For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.

Cell Signaling Technology is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
XP is a registered trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
U.S. Patent No. 7,429,487, foreign equivalents, and child patents deriving therefrom.

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